New Wisconsin Bill Celebrated by Heart Advocates: 9-1-1 Dispatcher-Assisted CPR bill designed to help save lives of cardiac arrest victims

Surrounded by supporters, Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker (seated) signs Assembly Bill 654, mandating dispatcher-assisted CPR, into law on April 16.

On April 16, 2018, Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker signed into law Assembly Bill 654, which instructs the state’s 9-1-1 dispatchers to provide CPR instructions over the phone. The bill was co-authored by State Senator Jerry Petrowski and State Representative Treig Pronschinske, and it received overwhelming bipartisan support. The new law aims to increase the survival rate of cardiac arrest victims by encouraging immediate bystander CPR until professional responders arrive on the scene.

Keidryn Nimsgern, a survivor from Milwaukee, recounts the moments surrounding her cardiac arrest:

“It was a normal day. My boyfriend, Jake, and I were in the car leaving downtown Madison when suddenly I felt like I was going to pass out. I grabbed Jake’s hand and told him what was happening, and then the world went black. What happened next saved my life.”

Though television and the movies would make it seem as though administration of CPR is the natural response of most bystanders, sadly that is not the case. Bystander-administered CPR rates in Wisconsin currently hover around 19%, even though studies show that when bystander CPR is administered the chances of a victim’s survival double or triple.

“Jake pulled the car over and called 9-1-1. He’d never taken CPR training before, so he was at a loss for what to do. The dispatcher walked him through it, step-by-step. First he laid me flat on the ground, and then she guided him through chest compressions to the beat of the Bee Gees’ ‘Stayin’ Alive.’ He delivered compressions for a full five minutes before police arrived and took over until the ambulance could get me to the hospital.”

For every minute that passes without CPR, a cardiac arrest victim’s chances of survival drop by 10 percent. Because of this law, all 9-1-1 dispatchers in Wisconsin will now be trained to help callers begin delivery of CPR immediately to a cardiac arrest victim and continue until first responders arrive.

“CPR saved my life. The dispatcher that helped Jake through what to do saved my life. This law means so much because now everyone else will have that same support that Jake and I did. Now, potentially many more lives will be saved and loved ones kept together because of CPR.”

Stakeholders that supported this law include the American College of Cardiology Wisconsin Chapter, American Red Cross, Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin and Project ADAM, Professional Ambulance Association of Wisconsin, Professional Firefighters of Wisconsin, Rural Wisconsin Heath Cooperative, SSM Health, Wisconsin APCO, Wisconsin EMS Association and Wisconsin State Fire Chiefs Association.

To learn more about this issue, please view this PSA series on the American Heart Association’s YouTube page.


Wife, son save Honolulu man by quickly starting Hands-Only CPR

For the start of CPR Week, we want to bring you the story of the Osaki family.

From left to right: Jared, Reid and Cindy Osaki

Jared and Cindy Osaki are like thousands of the people who save a life each year through Hands-Only CPR. And while few often know when their skills will be needed, these very special bystanders are amazed at how simple it can be to save someone’s life – and how quickly it all comes together.

For Jared and Cindy, it came together on a Sunday night in September 2017. Cindy found her 50-year-old husband Reid on the bed in cardiac arrest, the result of a massive heart attack.

Reid had gone to bed feeling fine, but Cindy suddenly noticed that her husband’s breath was labored. “Reid!” she shouted at him. She slapped him. She searched for a pulse. There was none.

“Jared!” she yelled across the hall to Jared, the couple’s 23-year-old son. “Jared, your dad’s not responsive!” Jared rushed into his parents’ bedroom. “Get him onto the floor”, Cindy told her son. “Fast.”  As someone who knows CPR, Cindy knew that compressions were more likely to work against a hard surface.

“He was making weird breathing sounds, kinda gurgling,” Jared remembered later. Terrified, he started compressions.

Cindy dialed 9-1-1, the first step in Hands-Only CPR. “I was frantic, my heart was racing a mile a minute,” Cindy said. She frantically shouted at Jared, “Press harder, faster!”

Medics arrived with an AED and shocked Reid seven times.

At the hospital, Cindy and Jared learned that Reid was still in danger. He was unresponsive until Wednesday, when nurses finally told her the words she longed to hear: “Your husband is responding.” Cindy raced into Reid’s room. “I said, ‘Reid, if you can hear me, this is Cindy, your wife,’ and then he squeezed my hand.”

Cindy and Jared cried. “We were overjoyed, crying tears of joy,” said Cindy. “We said, ‘we saved him! Good job!””

Reid has since made a full recovery after going to cardiac rehab. Cindy said she never would have imagined that she would use her CPR skills to save her husband. “I knew I had the skills, but I didn’t know I had it in me,” she said.

“It’s something really special to save your dad’s life,” Jared said. “I’m just glad I was there. I went to bed that night not thinking I would save his life. You’ll never know when you’ll need to know CPR.”

This CPR Week, consider learning Hands-Only CPR because the life you save could be someone you love. AHA offers two easy ways to do this:

  1. Watch a 90-second video that teaches the two steps of Hands-Only CPR.

  2. A CPR Anytime kit ($38.50) allows you to learn the basic lifesaving skills of CPR and choking relief in about 20 minutes from the comfort and privacy of your home or workplace. Plus, CPR Anytime is completely portable, so it is easy to share with family and friends.



Hands-Only CPR, remembered from a video, saves man in hardware department

Chuck Greczkowski and his family will be making a heartfelt and potentially lifesaving presentation at a Lowe’s in Lisbon, Conn. next week.

They’re going to donate an AED and fully stocked first aid bag, courtesy of American Ambulance

Floyd Flint, who saved someone’s life using CPR, refreshes his skills at a community training held at the house of the man whose life he saved.

Company, in honor of the employee who saved Chuck’s life with Hands-Only CPR when Chuck hit the floor last year at Lowe’s, in cardiac arrest.

It’s a story worth celebrating not only because the 72-year-old survived, but also because it shows the importance of starting Hands-Only CPR, even if the bystander may feel hesitant. And, it is an example of the profound effect Hands-Only CPR has not only on one person’s life but also on the entire community.

“It changed my life, and it changed my view on CPR,” said Mark Greczkowski, Chuck’s son and a paramedic. “I’ve done CPR on people dozens of times over the years. But now I know the difference it can make for someone to just get their hands on a person and to start those compressions. No one should hesitate.”

“I know now just how much it can change a life, how it changed my dad’s life,” Mark said, his voice trailing off.  “How it saved my dad’s life.”

It all happened because a coworker, Floyd Flint, remembered what he’d seen on a publicly-available video about Hands-Only CPR. “If Floyd wasn’t there, the doctors said Dad wouldn’t be there,” Mark said.

Chuck, who works in the hardware department at Lowe’s in Lisbon, had just clocked out for lunch when he fell to the floor. Coworker Flint acted fast, flipping Chuck over.

“I’m a wiry little guy,” Chuck said, “So he could do that.” Then, Flint started Hands-Only CPR, in which a person delivers hard, fast compressions in the center of a person’s chest.

Mark and his mom, Ellie, left their work places to go the hospital. “I kinda felt like it wasn’t real,” said Ellie. “It was the longest thirty minutes of my life.”

Flint had been terrified he had harmed or even killed Chuck, Mark said. “When I finally talked to him, he was ecstatic. He cried. He couldn’t believe everything had turned out all right.”

Doctors think Chuck went into cardiac arrhythmia, caused by an imbalance in sodium levels. Chuck has no lasting medical effects, but he has everlasting gratitude.

The family has held Hands-Only CPR training classes at their home as well as places in the community. They will train people on May 15 at Lowe’s. And Chuck said he will keep training people as long as he has breath and energy to do so.

“The bad was well worth it,” said Chuck. “We all learned about CPR.”

If you are interested in holding a Hands-Only CPR training, please reach out to one of AHA’s Community CPR managers in your area. Then record it on our Community CPR tracker.

hidden The Association Abroad: CPR in India

The Association Abroad: CPR in India

Even though we have “American” in our name, the American Heart Association is dedicated to promoting CPR and First Aid education in communities around the world. This month, we’re taking some time this week to recognize activities our Instructors in India undertook earlier this year.  In November 2017 and January 2018, these Instructors led special events in India that trained thousands in lifesaving techniques, from professional responders to young orphans.

Nearly 5,000 students learned Hands-Only CPR during an event in Calicut hosted by the ANGELS International Foundation.

The first event was hosted in honor of Bal Diwas—India’s Children’s Day holiday on November 14. Hosted by the ANGELS International Foundation at the JDT Islam Orphanage in Calicut, and supported by Calicut District Administration, Lions International, Laerdal Medical India and other local institutions and businesses, the event focused on a special full-day training session where an incredible 5,000 students were taught Hands Only CPR (HOCPR) in 30-minute intervals of 200 students each. Led by Instructor Dr. Venugopal P.P., executive director of ANGELS International Foundation, the event earned extensive media coverage and has elicited interest in recreating that training from cities and public service groups across the country.

On the heels of the Calicut event, the Gandhi Medical College Alumni Association (GMCAA) in Hyderabad, India invited American Heart Association Instructors to participate as special guests in a mass community HOCPR training. Approximately 2,500 trainees participated, including local police officers and cadets, primary school students, community caregivers, and security and housekeeping staff from Gandhi Medical College. This event was supported by Laerdal Medical India and led by Dr. Ravinder Surakanti, President of the GMCAA.

The Ghandi Medical College Alumni Association hosted a massive CPR training event in Hyderabad, introducing more than 2,500 new lifesavers into the community.

The keynote speaker for the training in Hyderabad was the Honorable Mr. Narasimha Reddy, Telengana State’s Minister for Home. During his address, the Minister emphasized the importance of community education in CPR to save lives. He also endorsed making CPR part of high school education as well as a requirement for the State Law Enforcement Department, stating that political support such as this will truly help build “a nation of lifesavers” in India.

While awareness of and access to CPR education are popular across much of the United States, high-profile events such as these in India are big wins for the Association’s international outreach. As the world’s second-most populous nation, India has incredible potential for becoming a worldwide leader in CPR education. Moreover, these programs and their resulting publicity are likely to assist with upcoming efforts to create a nation of lifesavers in India.



Mom of toddler stays calm, saves life with CPR

Most of us look forward to family get-togethers and celebrations, never thinking that the happiness of such good times could be stolen in an instant. But that’s what almost happened to Amy Steelman and her two-year-old, Hannah, at a birthday party for Amy’s grandmother in Norman, Okla. in August, 2010.

Both Amy and Hannah were eager to reconnect with family, and all of the kids quickly ran out of sight and earshot.

“I had a sinking feeling when I couldn’t find her,” Amy said, thinking of her grandmother’s above-ground pool in the backyard. She ran outside and saw Hannah and a cousin floating face down in the water.

In Amy’s panic, she first tried a couple of breaths but they didn’t work. Her cousin suggested compressions. Thanks to CPR, both little girls survived.

Can you tell us what you did?
I started the compressions. It only took one round, and she started coughing and vomiting. She was crying, and she had this faraway look in her eyes. It was so scary.

How in the world did you stay calm?

I knew I had to do something. In my senior year of high school, I did a nursing option program, and I learned CPR. I just knew I had to save my daughter. I think I had this feeling that I just had to be strong, that I really had to keep it all together.

How did Hannah react to all of this?

When they put us in the ambulance, they would not let me in the back with her. I could hear her crying from the front, and I think she could hear my voice. She was crying for me, so it was really hard. I just kept trying to talk to her so she could hear me.

Later, she didn’t remember what happened. All she said was that she went swimming and then she went ‘night night.’  It broke my heart.

How is Hannah now?

Hannah is great! She just learned Hands-Only CPR through her Girl Scout troop. I’m her troop leader, and I brought in some CPR trainers from Tulsa. It was very emotional. When the class started, I cried, just watching her listen to the instructor and thinking of how CPR had saved her life that day years ago. And now, she’ll be in the position to save someone else’s life.

And how about you?

I tell everyone I know — parents, grandparents, babysitters — that everyone needs to know CPR.  We wouldn’t have Hannah if it weren’t for Hands-Only CPR. I thank God I knew CPR. wouldn’t have my Hannah without it.


More than 7,000 children suffer an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest annually. Parents and caregivers are among the most important people to be trained in infant CPR, which can make a life or death difference. The American Heart Association’s Infant CPR Anytime Training Kit allows anyone to learn the lifesaving skills of infant CPR and choking relief  in less than 20 minutes from the comfort of their home or workplace.


Moving Behind-the-Scenes: A Small Business Success Story

How does a medical professional take skills learned in the field and translate them into a new career? One path forward is entrepreneurship. Today the CPR & First Aid Blog talks with Josh Dishaw, founder of RESTART in Middlebury, Vermont. 

Q: Josh, thank you for speaking with us. Would you start by sharing a little about your background?

A: Of course. I started by getting my undergrad degree in geology, which was a terrible idea! I then joined my local volunteer fire department when I was 21. I moved into EMS from there and spent the better part of 18 years as a pre-hospital medic.

For the past five years, my full-time job has been teaching Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support (ACLS), Pediatric Advance Life Support (PALS), and more. My business contracts these education services out to hospitals, bringing high-quality Association education to hospital staff.

Q: What inspired you to switch from working as a medic to owner-operator of a training company?

A: I love a challenge, and I felt that I had reached the highest point I could go in EMS. I didn’t want to have to fight feelings of complacency in my work.

I knew I wanted to do something different, but I also wanted to keep helping people. So I returned to school in 2010 and earned my master’s degree in education. That degree helped me conceive of my business, where I marry classroom education with healthcare.

Q: You have a unique approach to training. Would you tell us more?

A: I went to a non-traditional education program, and it taught me that every person in a classroom is going to learn in their own unique way.

Knowing that, in my program I take AHA’s instruction material and lay the information out for everyone to embrace in their own way. I then use open-ended questions to get everyone talking and working as a team. The important technique here is to use what comes naturally.

For example, when discussing a technique, I ask the class “why this method?” Someone typically responds, but usually only gives part of the answer. I take that and ask the classroom to elaborate. Soon we have everyone talking and the class has figured out the right answer without my having to do much one-way lecturing.

Q: What do you view as the key to your continued growth and success?

A: It goes back to fighting complacency. When you stop being a student yourself, you’re going to get stuck. Be receptive to new techniques and ideas.

Q: What would you advise to others who also want to expand their careers?

A: Keep an open mind and look for a niche you would like to be involved in. It’s tough, particularly when you want to do something familiar in a new way. You need grit, and you need to get out there and talk to people. If you have a good product, get it out there and let word-of-mouth work for you.


Kansas teen saved by Hands-Only CPR

Emma Baker was 13 and eight days into a New Year’s resolution she’d made not to spring things on her parents at the last minute.

Her mother, Cate, was on a business trip to Atlanta from their home in Rose Hill, Kansas, so Emma called her dad, Scott, for permission to go to a spelling bee in nearby Buhler on Jan. 8, 2013.

Within hours of getting to Buhler, excitement almost ended Emma’s life. No one knew that she had a rare heart condition called Catecholaminergic Polymorphic Ventricular Tachycardia (CPVT). Patients who have CPVT have mutations or faulty changes in that gene, CASQ2, and that causes a cascade of reactions, including abnormal heart cell communication and structural problems with the heart.

In Emma’s case, adrenaline triggers her heart to beat irregularly, and she went into cardiac arrest. Had it not been for a mother in the crowd who knew Hands-Only CPR, Emma likely would not have lived.

“We owe it to everyone to try to help everybody learn CPR,” said Scott. “We’re so blessed, and we’re not gonna let that blessing go unanswered.”

The American Heart Association is working hard to do its part, too.  Its CPR in Schools Training Kit enables as many as 20 students at a time to learn lifesaving CPR skills in one class period. With 38 states and the District of Columbia now making CPR training a requirement for high school graduation, the kit is an important way to train more than two million students each year. Teachers and other staff also can be trained.

Cate will never forget when the school’s vice principal called. . “He said, ‘there’s been an incident.’ I thought, ‘What did Emma do?’ But he said, no, it was serious, that Emma wasn’t breathing.”

Scottgot word and raced to Buhler. When he drove up to the hospital, he saw a helicopter with blades whirling and Emma being wheeled toward it on a gurney.  A nurse told him that they were taking Emma to a Wichita hospital. As he drove to Wichita, Cate was boarding a plane from Atlanta.

Cardiac arrest survivor Emma Baker, an advocate for Hands-Only CPR, speaks with her parents at AHA’s annual Go Red for Women luncheon in Kansas.

But once Cate and Scott were at the hospital, they still had no answers – and possibly more bad news to come. Doctors said they did not know if Emma would live and, if she did, whether she might have brain damage.

As it turns out, Emma survived with few lasting effects and a fairly quick recovery. Within four days, doctors removed her breathing tube. And while she had short-term memory loss, she eventually regained it. Had the mom in the crowd not been there to start Hands-Only CPR right away, Emma would have had a greater chance of dying.

The Bakers have become fierce advocates of Hands-Only CPR, teaching at schools, festivals and other gatherings.

“The thing that her dad and I took away is that if this had happened in our living room, we wouldn’t have known what to do,” said Cate. Now that they do, they want to make sure others do, too.

People who perform CPR most likely will be trying to save the life of someone they love, as most out-of-hospital cardiac arrests happen in residential settings. One of the great benefits of the CPR in Schools Training Kit is that it increases the number of people who can save a life anywhere.  Every student, teacher or staff member who learns CPR from the CPR in Schools Training Kit could also become a lifesaver at home.


How Hands-Only CPR Let One Family Say Goodbye

February is Heart Month, a time when we recognize that cardiovascular disease kills 2,200 Americans each day, and more than 900 of these die from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. The American Heart Association trained more than 22 million people in CPR last year, but few ever think, “That could be me.”

Even the Association’s own Krisca Gould, a CPR in Schools manager promoting CPR education in  schools at AHA’s Midwest affiliate, didn’t think she would ever find herself performing CPR outside of a classroom. So when that panicked call from her mother came in, Krisca found herself stunned as she raced to save her father’s life.

Krisca, thank you for sharing your story. Tell us what happened. 

The Gould family got to say goodbye to their loved one thanks to CPR.

My father had a history of heart issues, including Type 2 diabetes. In November, he suffered cardiac arrest at the age of 76. Despite my advice to always call 9-1-1 first, my frightened mother called me. Thankfully, I was close and dashed over. I moved my dad to the floor, and then I performed chest compressions while my mom called 9-1-1. We worked until Emergency Medical Services (EMS) arrived.

EMS and the hospital doctors stabilized my dad, and he woke-up and was coherent for a short time. Because of that, we had one last chance to be a family – to sing, laugh and say goodbye. If I hadn’t been there to perform CPR, we wouldn’t have had that chance. He sadly passed away a week later from renal failure.

What lessons would you want to impart from what happened?

The first is to take this seriously. Nobody thinks they’ll be called upon to respond to a cardiac arrest; it’s always somebody else. I read it in the newspaper. I heard it from a friend. No one ever believes it will happen to their family, but it does.

I’m that statistic now. Since my dad’s cardiac arrest happened, my sister and my children have all taken a CPR class – and taken it seriously. A class is great because you learn technique and memorize the steps so that you can perform them on autopilot, because in the moment things can feel overwhelming.

The most important thing is to call 9-1-1, then push hard and fast in the center of the chest. If nothing else, this is what you should remember. For every one minute without CPR, the chance of death increases by 10%.  Emergency medical services take on average between four and ten minutes to reach someone in cardiac arrest. If the first person on the scene, which is typically a loved one, performs CPR prior to first responders’ arrival, that person will dramatically increase the victim’s chances of survival.

Do you have any final thoughts?

Learn CPR! Drivers buy car insurance; homeowners insure against disasters. Why doesn’t everyone have this insurance that could be the difference between life and death? My last thought is that the living survive better if they took action. There is less guilt, fewer “what ifs.” If you won’t do it for others, do it for yourself. You might need it.


2017 Hands-Only CPR Campaign Trains 4.6 Million New Lifesavers

Hit rewind and watch the highlights of the 2017 Anthem Foundation and American Heart Association Hands-Only CPR campaign.

David Heidrich had never heard of Hands-Only CPR until August when the American Heart Association’s 2017 Hands-Only CPR Mobile Tour stopped in Augusta, Maine to teach the lifesaving skill.

“Push Hard and Fast in the Center of the Chest” is the second step of Hands-Only CPR that was depicted in a Hands-Only CPR PSA that featured actress and comedian, Wendi McLendon-Covey, in 2017.

Hands-Only CPR has two steps, performed in this order: when you see a teen or adult suddenly collapse, call 911. Then, push hard and fast in the center of the chest until help arrives.

Heidrich was trained in Hands-Only CPR and, as a future lifesaver,  understands how critical it can be for bystanders to respond if they witness a cardiac arrest outside the hospital.

“The chest compressions you apply while administering Hands-Only CPR can be vital to buying the time necessary to allow emergency medical personnel to arrive at your location,” said Heidrich, who is the director of communications for the State of Maine’s Department of Administrative and Financial Service.

The crowd practices compressions in order to do Hands-Only CPR at the Hands-Only CPR Mobile Tour stop at the North Lexington Family YMCA in Lexington, KY in Sept. 2017.

More than 3,700 people were ultimately trained in Hands-Only CPR during the six-week long 2017 tour, making it one of the highlights of the 2017 American Heart Association Hands-Only CPR campaign. The campaign is nationally supported by a five-year, educational grant from Anthem Foundation.

The campaign aims to increase the survival of cardiac arrest victims outside the hospital by making the public aware of Hands-Only CPR, training people in Hands-Only CPR and AED use, and giving people the confidence to take action. The interactive Mobile Tour is one way that the American Heart Association and Anthem Foundation meet people where they’re at with critical instruction and education.

Heidrich relished the opportunity to use an AED, or automated external defibrillator, training device for the first time at the tour stop.

“It seems like they (AEDs) are everywhere now – from malls and airports to workplaces and schools – and having the opportunity to use one in a non-emergency situation made me feel better about using an AED when it really counts,” he said.

A traveler practices Hands-Only CPR on the interactive training kiosk in Aug. 2017 at Cincinnati-Northern Kentucky International Airport.

In addition to the tour, the American Heart Association and Anthem Foundation continued to provide Hands-Only CPR training to the public in innovative ways. The organizations placed more Hands-Only CPR training kiosks at various U.S. airports.

The two organizations also teamed up with actress and comedian Wendi McLendon-Covey to create a humorous Hands-Only CPR training PSA called “The Mix Up” that was shown on cable TV networks and elevator screens in lobbies of buildings in various U.S. cities. You could even watch this memorable PSA and learn Hands-Only CPR while in the air on Southwest Airlines, which displayed the piece on its in-flight WiFi portal for nearly two months in November and December.

The Association and Anthem Foundation are ready to reach many more Americans with this lifesaving skill in 2018.


AHA in the Classroom: CPR Education for Kindergarten through College

Evelyn Massey, MD, teaches CPR to local students and school faculty.

Readers of the AHA CPR & First Aid Blog are no strangers to teaching CPR. However, few focus almost exclusively on the next generation of lifesavers like Evelyn Massey, MD, does.

Dr. Massey serves as director of life support education at Loma Linda University in California, where she administers a program that aims to train 50,000 high school, college and community students in CPR by 2020. Currently, she has trained 7,000+ students and counting.

“We start with the basics of ‘what is a heart attack, and how is it different than cardiac arrest? and then teach the skills required to handle a cardiac arrest situation in real life,” explains Dr. Massey. “This starts with promoting awareness in elementary school and beyond. We begin simple with Hands-Only CPR (HOCPR) with middle school, and then work with the teenagers in high school on more advanced programs.”

The motivations for Dr. Massey’s work are personal. Her father passed away from cardiovascular complications when he was only 58 – far too young and too soon. Her work is fueled by the desire to train others so that no one else loses a loved one that could have been saved.

“Today I work in administration, but by doing so I’m able to save lives. Schools are an incredibly important – and in some communities, underserved – target,” continues Dr. Massey. “For instance, one of our high school trainees came home one day to find her father face down on the floor, suffering cardiac arrest. She called 9-1-1 and started chest compressions. She continued for 20 minutes without pausing, and today her father is alive and well.

“This girl is a hero, all because she had been given the emergency training she needed while at school.”

The minutes before even EMS arrives matter the most. Most often, if a patient is brought to the hospital without having received compressions, it will be too late.

Students learning CPR at a local course offered by AHA Instructor Evelyn Massey, MD.

So why teach children?

“Because they’re everywhere!” exclaims Dr. Massey. “Someone at school, the mall, church or anywhere can collapse. Youth are often the only ones present – especially among peer groups – and they need to be able to act until EMS arrives.”

Not unexpected, her work has inspired a spike in interest in medicine as a career by providing students a practical introduction. Moreover, Dr. Massey is grateful to the state of California for some help in this regard—and to the AHA for their efforts to expand CPR in Schools education legislation across the United States.

“California requires high school students pursuing medicine to be trained in CPR and for schools teaching health education to offer CPR training,” says Dr. Massey. “It is a good law, but we should expand it. I would like to see kids choosing medical fields to receive more advanced medical and first aid training, and for all students to have the basics in Hands-Only CPR.

“It is a life-saving skill for everyone to know.”